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In this lesson, we shall learn:
  • The use of A or An.
  • Singular and Plural nouns.
  • How to use Verb to be ( is , am , are).

Please click on the fowllowing to watch the video presentation

English Explanantion

Urdu Explanation

Introduction to English.

Alphabets:

There are 26 alphabets in English Language.

A ,B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, J, K, L, M, N, O, P, Q, R, S, T, U, V, W, X, Y, Z.

Vowels:

Out of these 26 alphabets A, E, I, O, U are called Vowels.

Consonants:

The rest of the alphabets are called Consonants.

Nouns:

Name of everything is called a noun.

Use of Indefinite Article (A):

Usually, we use (A) before singular nouns beginning with consonants

e.g. A cat, A bird , A chair

All of the above nouns are singular and start with consonants.

Use of Indefinite Article (An)

Usually, we use (An) before singular nouns beginning with vowels.

e.g. An orange , An umbrella.

All of the above nouns are singular and start with vowels.

Note :

A or An always come before singular nouns.

e.g. A cat. A cats (X)

An orange   ,    An oranges (X)

Verb "to be":

This verb shows existence of something or someone. "Be" means existence. This verb does not show any action, it only tells or expresses what a thing or a person is.

e.g. I am a teacher.(no action)

      She is happy. (no action)

In the above sentences we are just telling who I am. and how she is. There isn't any action going on we are just telling about She and I that what they are .

Verb to be can be  in any time. It can be in Past or Present or Future.

Be in Present = is,am,are.

Be in Past = was, were.

Be in Future = will be.

Singular Noun + Singular Verb + Singular Noun

(Is) is a singular verb. So, a singular noun always takes a singular verb.

e.g. Canada is a country.

Canada (singular noun) is (singular verb) a country (singular noun).

You cannot use (Are) with Canada because it is a singular noun.

Plural Noun

Singular means One and Plural means two or more . When we want to change a singular noun into a plural noun, there are different rules for that.

The most simple rule to change a singular noun into a plural noun is adding (s) in the end of  a singular noun.

e.g. Cat + s = Cats(Plural)

Some nouns end at (Y) :

e.g. City.

To change such kind of nouns, we change (Y) into (i) and then add (es)

City = Cities.

Plural Noun + Plural Verb + Plural Noun

(Are) is a plural verb. A plural noun always takes a plural verb.

e.g. Birds are animals

Birds ( plural noun) + are ( plural verb) + animals ( plural noun)

You can not use (is) with Birds e.g. Birds is animals (X)

Note :

Two Singular Nouns also take a plural verb.

e.g.Canada and America are countries.

Canada and America (plural noun) are (plural verb) countries (plural noun)

When you have two nouns as a subject in your sentence , you will have to use a plural verb in that sentence.

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