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In this lesson,we shall learn:

  • Using Present Indefinite Tense.
  • When to use Present Indefinite Tense.
  • What happens to a verb in case of Third Person Singular in Present Indefinite Tense.

Please click the following to watch the Video Grammar Presentation

English Explanation

Urdu Explanation

Present Indefinite Tense:


There are different uses of Present Indefinite Tense, like it can be used for showing Past and sometimes Future.In this lesson we shall learn a very simple and daily life use of Present indefinite tense which is, showing or describing Daily Life or Habitual Activities.

So it means that we can use Present Indefinite Tense to show daily life routine or habitual actions.Please oberve the following examples:

I wake up at 7 in the morning. (daily life action)
The above sentence tells us about when a person usually wakes up.In this sentence I am talking about an ordinary day in my life.
Observe the next sentence:
I visit my uncle twice a week.(habitual action)
In this sentence I am not describing a daily life action, instead I am describing a habitual action which I do twice a week.
In both of the above examples, There is no time mentioned.I mean to say that both of the sentences do not show any time because when I say , I wake up at 7 in the morning I am not talking about Yesterday , Today or Tomorrow actually I am talking about everytime. This means that this action was present in Past ,it is in Present and most probably will be in Future.
So, remember that when you want to express daily life routine or habitual action ,use Present Indefinite Tense.When you use Present Indefinite Tense to show daily life routine or habitual actions it does not show any time, instead it shows all of the times.


(Affirmative Sentences)

Subject + 1st form of a verb + Object
add (s/es with Verb 1st form in case of 3rd Person Singular)

For Example:
(a)I eat 2 eggs everyday.
(b)He eat(s) 2 eggs everyday.
observe sentence (b) in which we have added (s) with the first form of verb (eat) because the subject is 3rd Person Singular, so always remember this rule that when you have 3rd Person Singular as a Subject you must add (s/es) with the main verb this rule of adding (s/es) is only for 3rd Person Singular and it does not apply to other Persons.

Here, a question arises, With which verbs we add (s) and with which verbs we add (es).

The usual rule is to add (s)
e.g. He drinks 2 cups of coffee everyday.
but if a verb ends at:
sh, ch, s, o , x we add (es) with verb
He teach(es). The verb teach ends at (ch) that is why we added (es) instead of adding (s)
Some verbs end with Y.
If a verb ends with (vowel + Y) e.g. (Play) We will only add (s).But if,
a verb ends with (consonant + Y) e.g (Fly) We will change (Y) into (I) and then add (es)e.g. He fl(ies) a kite.
Again,I would like to inform you not to add (s/es) with any other person even with Third Person Plural.This rule of adding (s/es) is only for Third Person Singular.

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