Future Indefinite Tense Advanced LevelThere are different things which can show future time.But students usually think that only "WILL" shows future time which is a wrong idea. As I said that there are different things which can show future time. For example, Present Indefinite & Present Continuous can also be used to show future.
Here we shall try to learn "Will" and "Going to" to show future and the difference between "Will" and "Going to".
- To express a Prediction:-
use either WILL or GOING TO ;
(a) According to the weather report, it will be cloudy tomorrow.
(b) According to the weather report, it is going to be cloudy tomorrow.
In both of the sentences the speaker is making a prediction (a statement about something which he or she thinks will be true in the future). So, there is no difference between the both.
- To express a PRIOR PLAN:-
Use only GOING TO ;
A: Why did you buy this watch?
B: I am going to gift it to my friend. Here you can observe that (B) bought a watch and his plan is to gift that watch in the future. In other words, the desicion or plan of gifting the watch was already taken.
- To express decisions taken at the time of speaking:-
Use only WILL;
A: What are you doing now a days?
B: I'm learning English.
A: Really! Is the institute good and inexpensive?
B: Yes, it is.
A: I will also take admission in that institute.
- To express Willingness:-
Use only Will;
Willingness means that you are ready to volunteer for something.
A: The phone's ringing. B: I'll get it.
In the above example, B: is saying that he is willing and happy to answer the phone. He is not predicting. He has made no prior plan to answer the phone. He is, instead, volunteering to answer the phone and uses WILL to show his willingness.
Expressing Future in Time Clause:
Observe the following example;
Aslam will come soon. When Aslam comes, we will talk to him.
"When Aslam comes" is a time clause.
When + Subject + 1st form of a verb = a time clause.
Note: Will or be going to is not used in a time clause. The meaning of the clause is furute, but the Simple Present is used.
A time clause begins with such words as when , before , after, as soon as, until and includes a subject and a verb. The time clause can some either at the beginning of a sentence or in the second part of a sentence:
When he comes, we'll see him.
We'll see him when he comes