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Present Continuous Tense

In this lesson of learning English as a Second Language, we shall learn Present Continuous Tense:

 

Video Tutorial in English

Video Tutorial in Urdu

 

Usage of Present Continuous Tense:

Before beginning to explain Present Continuous Tense, I would like to tell you that every tense does not have only one usage, it has more than one. In the same way, Present Continuous Tense also has different uses. In this unit we will be looking at the basic use of  Present Continuous Tense. The rest of the uses shall be explained in future lessons.

Present Continuous Tense is the purest form of PRESENT Time. I mean to say that what ever is happening right now is the purest form of Present time. Why I say that. is  1 minute ago is Past , 2 minutes ago is also Past , 3 minutes ago, 1 hour ago , 2 days ago or 2 years ago , all are Past even a minute which passes becomes Past.

In the same way, after 1 minute, after 2 minutes , after 10 minutes, after an hour, after 3 day, after 10 months , all are Future.

So, what is left? Of course the Purest form of Present which is  happening right now. Whatever is going on right now is Present Continuous.

A very good  example right now can be:

You are reading my Article and you are learning Present Continuous Tense ( The actions READ and LEARN are going on at the time of speaking)

But , be careful that is not all .This is only one use of Present Continuous Tense as I told you earlier that there are other uses of Present Continuous Tense too. But today are just learning that use of Present Continuous Tense which shows actions happening at the time of speaking

More Examples:

A: Where is Aslam?

B: He's in his room.

A: What's he doing?

B: He's cleaning his room.  (The action clean is going on at the time of speaking)

So, always remember if you want to show whatever is happening at the time of speaking , use Present Continuous Tense.

One more important thing, you must know the usage of any tense to use it. Students pay more attention to Structure of a Tense rather than usage and that is why they always face difficulties in speaking and communication. Always remember that USAGE OF A TENSE  is PRIMARY and STRUCTURE OF A TENSE  is SECONDARY.


 

Structure of Present Continuous Tense

Now, we will look at the secondary level of Present Continuous Tense which is the Structure of Present Continuous Tense

    Affirmative

S     +    is, am, are    +    First form of a Verb   +  ing  +  Object

Negative

S    + is, am ,are     +    not    +    First form of a Verb   +  ing   +  Object

Interrogative

  is, am, are    +     S          +    First form of a Verb   +  ing   +  Object  ?


 

Spelling Rules for Continuous Verbs

                                    End of a Verb        --------->               ING Form

Rule 1:     A consonant + e                                      Drop the  e and add ing

                                        write                                          writing

                                         hide                                          hiding

Rule 2:     One Vowel + One Consonant               Double the  consonant and add ing

                                         sit                                             sitting   

                                         run                                            running

Rule 3:    Two Vowels   + One Consonant            Add ing ; Do not double the consonant

                                        sleep                                          sleeping

                                        read                                            reading

Rule 4:     Two Consonants                                   Add ing; Do not double the consonants

                                       teach                                           teaching

                                       pull                                              pulling


 

Non Progressive or Non Continuous Verbs

 

want hear understand
need see know
like smell believe
love taste hate
    think (believe)

Some verbs are not used in Present Continuous Tense. They are called "non action verbs"

For example:

I'm thirsty right now. I want an apple.      Incorrect: I am wanting an apple

I hear a voice. Do you hear it too?          Incorrect: I'm hearing a voice. Are you hearing it too


 

Short Replies in Present Continuous Tense

Usually in spoken English , people use short replies to answer any question which requires Yes/ No .

For example:

A: Are you going to school?

B: Yes, I am . (short reply)    complete reply (Yes , I am going to school)

A list of Short Replies in Present Continuous Tense:

Yes , I am         or             No, I'm not

Yes , you are    or             No, You're not.

Yes, we are       or             No, We're not.

Yes, she is         or             No , she's not   

Yes, he is          or             No, he's not.

Yes, it is            or             No, it's not.

Yes, they are     or             No, they're not


 

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