Verb "To Be" Past Time
In this lesson of learning English as a Second Language, we shall learn:
- How to use Verb to be in Past Time.
- Structure of Verb to be in Past Time.
- Short Replies
In this lesson , I will not be explaining verb to be, rather comparing Verb to be in Present Time and Past Time. If you don't know what Verb to be is, please visit Unit 1: Verb to be on my website and then come to this unit.
As you already know that Verb to be shows existence or state of any thing / any person.
e.g. I am happy (no action)
She is a doctor.
Verb to be does not show any action. Verb to be changes according to Time .
In Present Time Verb to be --------> is , am , are
In Past Time Verb to be --------> was , were
In Future Time Verb to be --------> will be
So , if you want to talk about existence, state or simply what something / someone in Past Time , you should use Was / Were.
e.g. When I was a child , I was very active.
My mother was an officer in a bank.
I was ill yesterday.
Singular Noun and Plural Noun:
Was is used with singular nouns and Were is used with plural nouns.
e.g. A bird was on the tree.
The boys were very intelligent.
Was / Were with Pronouns:
He WAS You (singular) WERE
She You (plural)
Comparing Verb to be in Present Time and Past Time
I am ill today
I was ill yesterday
Aslam is not at home today.
Aslam was not at home yesterday
I am busy today
I was busy yesterday.
Structure of Verb to be in Past Time
Subject + Was/Were + Complement.
I was happy yesterday
We were children
Subject + Was/Were + not + Complement
I was not happy yesterday
We were not sick yesterday
Contraction with NOT: was + not = wasn't
were + not = weren't
Was/Were + Subject + Complement?
Were you happy yesterday?
Was he sick yesterday?
Were you absent from school yesterday? Yes, I was.
Was he at the library? No , he wasn't.
Were they busy yesterday? Yes , they were.
Were they in the class last Thursday? No , they weren't.
Time Expressions in Present and Past
This morning yesterday morning
this afternoon yesterday afternoon
tonight last night
this week last week