No (Zero) Article
In this lesson of learning English as a second language, we shall learn:
- Where not to use any Article.
In Unit 44, we learnt how to use Indefinite Articles (A, An) and in Unit 45, we learnt how to use Definite Article (THE). I hope that now you have a clear understanding of how to use The Articles. In today's lesson, we will look at those places where we can't use any Article at all.
We Can't Use Any Article:
- Before the names of substances and abstract nouns (uncountable nouns) used in general sense.
Sugar is bad for teeth
Gold is a precious metal
Honesty is the best policy
But when you talk about any substance or an uncountable noun in particular. You will use definite article (The).
The gold in this watch is not of good quality.
The honesty of his brother must not be doubted.
Before Plural nouns used in general sense
Children like ice-creams
Computers are now used everywhere
But if you talk about Particular plural nouns you will have to use “The” Before them
Where are the children? (=our children)
Where are the students? (= my students)
Where are the servants? (= my servants)
Before the Names of People
The Arsalan (X)
The Rashid (X)
The Alice (X)
Before the Names of Continents
The Asia (X)
The Europe (X)
The Africa (X)
Before the Names of Countries and Cities
Before the Names of Individual Mountains
The K2 (X)
The Mount Everest (X)
The Mount Kilimanjaro (X)
Before the Names of Individual Islands and Lakes
The Navarino (X) is in Chile
The Keenjhar lake (X) or
Karli Lake (X) is in Pakistan
Before names of meals used in general sense
When do you take breakfast?
What time do you take lunch?
But if you talk about a specific meal then you will use “The” before it
The lunch I had yesterday was very delicious.
The dinner I had at your house last week was very spicy.
The English (X)
The Urdu (X)
The Punjabi (X)
Before the names of Relations
The father (X)
The mother (X)
The aunt (X)
The uncle (X)
Before the means of Transport
We go to school by bus.
She went to Lahore by train.
Before school, college, church, bed, table, hospital, market ,prison ,when you visit or use these places or objects for their primary purpose.
I learnt English at school
She goes to church every Sunday.
I sleep on bed
But “The” will be used with these words when we talk particularly of them rather than normal activity people go there for
The school is very far from my house. (not talking about normal activity)
I met Ali at the church. (not talking about normal activity)
The bed you bought is very expensive. (not talking about normal activity)